B. R. Ambedkar

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (anajulikana pia kama Dk. Babasaheb Ambedkar; 14 Aprili 1891 - 6 Desemba 1956) alikuwa mwanafalsafa, mwanasheria, mwanauchumi, mwanasiasa na mrekebishaji wa kijamii wa India. Aliongoza harakati ya Dalit Buddhist na alifanya kampeni dhidi ya ubaguzi wa kijamii kwa wale wasiogusika (Dalits). Aliunga mkono pia haki za wanawake na kazi. Alikuwa Waziri wa kwanza wa Sheria wa India huru, mbuni wa Katiba ya India, na baba mwanzilishi wa Jamhuri ya India.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Mnamo 1956, alianzisha ubadilishaji mkubwa wa Daliti, akaongokea Ubudha na wafuasi 600,000. Alifufua Ubudha nchini India. Ambedkar anachukuliwa kama bodhisattva, na Maitreya, kati ya Wabudhi wa Navayana.[7][8][9][10]

Mnamo 1990, Bharat Ratna, tuzo ya juu kabisa ya raia nchini India, alipewa Ambedkar baada ya kufa. Urithi wa Ambedkar unajumuisha ukumbusho na picha kadhaa katika tamaduni maarufu. Urithi wa Ambedkar kama mrekebishaji wa kijamii na kisiasa, ulikuwa na athari kubwa kwa Uhindi ya kisasa.[11][12]

Ambedkar alipigwa kura ya kuwa "Mhindi Mkubwa zaidi" (The greatest Indian) mnamo 2012 na kura iliyoandaliwa na Historia TV18 na CNN IBN.[13]

Ambedkar Jayanti (siku ya kuzaliwa ya Ambedkar) ni sikukuu ya kila mwaka inayoadhimishwa mnamo Aprili 14, ambayo huadhimishwa sio tu nchini India bali ulimwenguni kote. Ambedkar Jayanti anaadhimishwa kama likizo rasmi ya umma kote India.[14][15][16] Umoja wa Mataifa uliadhimisha Ambedkar Jayanti mnamo 2016, 2017 na 2018.[17][18][19]

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  1. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids | Parenting News,The Indian Express
  3. How India’s Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica
  5. All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary
  6. (2013) in Donald S. Lopez, Jr.: Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 34. ISBN 9780691157863. 
  7. https://theprint.in/opinion/why-ambedkar-chose-buddhism-over-hinduism-islam-christianity/237599/
  8. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/buddha-purnima-special-why-ambedkar-coverted-to-buddhism-6397742/
  9. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/br-ambedkar-conversion-to-buddhism
  10. Christopher Queen (2015). in Steven M. Emmanuel: A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons, 529–531. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3. 
  11. Joshi, Barbara R. (1986). Untouchable!: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement. Zed Books, 11–14. ISBN 9780862324605. 
  12. Keer, D. (1990). Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission. Popular Prakashan, 61. ISBN 9788171542376. 
  13. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/a-measure-of-the-man/281949
  14. http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02est/12_6_2015_JCA-2-19032015.pdf Archived 5 Aprili 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Ambedkar Jayanti from ccis.nic.in on 19 March 2015
  15. http://persmin.gov.in/ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  16. 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World. mea.gov.in
  17. Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost.
  18. "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'", The New Indian Express. 
  19. "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State", newsstate.com. (en)