William wa Ockham

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William wa Ockham

William wa Ockham (takriban 12859 Aprili 1349 au 1350) alikuwa mtawa wa shirika la Ndugu Wadogo kutoka nchi ya Uingereza.

Ni maarufu hasa kama mwanateolojia na mwanafalsafa, lakini alijihusisha sana na siasa pia.

Alikuwa mmojawapo wa waanzishaji wa mantiki ya kisasa.

Pia alimkosoa Papa wakati wa mvutano kati yake na Wafransisko.

Athari yake juu ya ustaarabu wa magharibi ni kubwa sana.

Maandishi[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Toleo bora la maandishi yake kuhusu falsafa na teolojia ni: William of Ockham: Opera philosophica et theologica, Gedeon Gál, et al., eds. 17 vols. St. Bonaventure, N. Y.: The Franciscan Institute, 1967–88.

Karibu maandishi yake yote juu ya siasa yamo katika: William of Ockham, H. S. Offler, et al., eds. 4 vols., 1940–97, Manchester: Manchester University Press [vols. 1–3]; Oxford: Oxford University Press [vol. 4].

Falsafa[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Summa logicae (c. 1323), Paris 1448, Bologna 1498, Venice 1508, Oxford 1675.
  • Quaestiones in octo libros physicorum (before 1327), Rome 1637.
  • Summulae in octo libros physicorum (before 1327), Venice 1506.
  • Quodlibeta septem (before 1327), Paris 1487.
  • Expositio aurea super artem veterem Aristotelis, 1323.
  • Major summa logices, Venice 1521.
  • Quaestiones in quattuor libros sententiarum, Lyons, 1495.
  • Centilogium theologicum, Lyons 1495.

Teolojia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Questiones earumque decisiones, Lyons 1483.
  • Quodlibeta septem, Paris 1487, Strasbourg 1491.
  • Centilogium, Lyons 1494.
  • De sacramento altaris and De corpore christi, Strasbourg 1491, Venice 1516.
  • Tractatus de sacramento allans.

Siasa[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Opus nonaginta dierum (1332), Leuven 1481, Lyons 1495.
  • Dialogus* (begun in 1332) Paris 1476. Lyons 1495.
  • Super potestate summi pontificis octo quaestionum decisiones (1344).
  • Tractatus de dogmatibus Johannis XXII papae (1333–34).
  • Epistola ad fratres minores (1334).
  • De jurisdictione imperatoris in causis matrimonialibus, Heidelberg 1598.
  • Breviloquium de potestate tyrannica (1346).
  • De imperatorum et pontifcum potestate [also known as 'Defensorium'] (1348).

Marejeo[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Adams, Marilyn (1987). William Ockham. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 0268019401. 
  • Beckmann, Jan (1992). Ockham-Bibliographie, 1900–1990. Hamburg: F. Meiner Verlag. ISBN 9783787311033. 
  • Freppert, Lucan (1988). The Basis of Morality According to William Ockham. Franciscan Herald Press. ISBN 9780819909183. 
  • Knysh, George (1996). Political Ockhamism. Winnipeg: WCU Council of Learned Societies. ISBN 9781896637006. 
  • Panaccio, Claude (2004). Ockham on Concepts. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754632283. 
  • McGrade, Arthur Stephen (2002). The Political Thought of William Ockham. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521522243. 
  • Spade, Paul (1999). The Cambridge Companion to Ockham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052158244X. 
  • Wood, Rega (1997). Ockham on the Virtues. Purdue University Press. ISBN 9781557530974. 

Viungo vya nje[hariri | hariri chanzo]

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