Kiluwiri

Kutoka Wikipedia, kamusi elezo huru
Rukia: urambazaji, tafuta
Kiluwiri
Kiluwiri mweusi
Uainishaji wa kisayansi
Himaya: Animalia (Wanyama)
Faila: Chordata (Wanyama wenye ugwe wa neva mgongoni)
Nusufaila: Vertebrata (Wanyama wenye uti wa mgongo)
Ngeli: Aves (Ndege)
Oda: Gruiformes (Ndege kama makorongo)
Familia: Rallidae (Ndege walio na mnasaba na viluwiri)
Jenasi: Aenigmatolimnas Peters, 1932

Amaurolimnas Sharpe, 1893
Amaurornis Reichenbach, 1853
Anurolimnas Sharpe, 1893
Aramides Pucheran, 1845
Aramidopsis Sharpe, 1893
Atlantisia Lowe, 1923
Canirallus Bonaparte, 1856
Coturnicops Gray, 1855
Crecopsis Sharpe, 1893
Crex Bechstein, 1803
Cyanolimnas Barbour & Peters, 1927
Dryolimnas Sharpe, 1893
Eulabeornis Gould, 1844
Gallirallus Lafresnaye, 1841
Gymnocrex Salvadori, 1875
Habroptila Gray, 1860
Himantornis Hartlaub, 1855
Laterallus Gray, 1855
Lewinia Gray, 1855
Megacrex Albertis & Salvadori, 1879
Micropygia Bonaparte, 1856
Neocrex Sclater & Salvin, 1869
Nesoclopeus Peters, 1932
Pardirallus Bonaparte, 1856
Porzana Vieillot, 1816
Rallina Gray, 1846
Rallus Linnaeus, 1758
Rougetius Bonaparte, 1856

Viluwiri ni ndege wa jenasi mbalimbali za familia ya Rallidae. Spishi za jenasi Rallus zinaitwa kibilinzi pia. Viluwiri wa Afrika wana rangi zilizofifia na hawaoneki rahisi wotoni, lakini husikika mara zaidi. Wana domo refu, miguu myembamba na vidole virefu. Spishi nyingi zaidi zinatokea karibu na maji, mabwawani au nyikani majimaji ambapo hula wadudu na wanyama wadogo wa maji na wa matope. Kwa kawaida tago lao limefanyika kwa mimea ya maji kwa umbo wa bakuli mahali pakavu katika bwawa na huyataga mayai 2-12.

Spishi za Afrika[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Spishi za mabara mengine[hariri | hariri chanzo]

Spishi za kabla ya historia[hariri | hariri chanzo]

  • Gallirallus epulare (Nuku Hiva Rail)
  • Gallirallus gracilitibia (Ua Huka Rail)
  • Gallirallus huiatua (Niue Rail)
  • Gallirallus ripleyi (Mangaia Rail)
  • Gallirallus roletti (Tahuata Rail)
  • Gallirallus storrsolsoni (Huahine Rail)
  • Gallirallus vekamatolu (‘Eua Rail; ndege wa kufanana ameoneka kisiwani kwa Vava‘u mwaka 1793)
  • Gallirallus cf. owstoni (Marianas Rail)
  • Gallirallus sp. (New Ireland Rail)
  • Gallirallus sp. (Norfolk Island Rail; ameendelea kuishi labda mpaka karne ya 19)
  •  ?Gallirallus sp. (Hiva Oa Rail)
  • Porzana estramosi (Sajóvölgyi, Hungaria, mwisho wa Miocene)
  • Porzana keplerorum (Small Maui Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana menehune (Liliput Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana piercei (Shore Hills, Bermuda, mwisho wa Pleistocene)
  • Porzana ralphorum (Great O‘ahu Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana rua (Mangaia Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana severnsi (Great Maui Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana ziegleri (Small O‘ahu Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Easter Island Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Great Big Island Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Great Kaua‘i Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Huahine Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Mangaia Crake #2; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Marquesas Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Marianas Crake (labda spishi 2); mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Medium Kaua‘i Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Medium Maui Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana sp. (Small Big Island Crake; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Porzana cf. flaviventer (Bermuda)
  • Rallus auffenbergi (kusini-mashariki ya Amerika ya Kaskazini, kati ya Pleistocene) - zamani Porzana
  • Rallus eivissensis (Ibiza Rail; mwisho wa Quaternary)
  • Rallus ibycus (Shore Hills, Bermuda, mwisho wa Pleistocene)
  • Rallus lacustris (kati ya Amerika ya Kaskazini, mwisho wa Pliocene)
  • Rallus natator (Pango la San Josecito, Mexico, Pleistocene) - zamani Epirallus
  • Rallus phillipsi (Wickieup, MMA, mwisho wa Pliocene)
  • Rallus prenticei (kati ya Amerika ya Kaskazini, mwisho wa Pliocene)
  • Rallus recessus (St Georges, Bermuda, mwisho wa Pleistocene)
  • Rallus richmondi - pamoja na R. dubius
  • Rallus sp. (Sajóvölgyi, Hungary, kati ya Miocene)
  • Rallus sp. (Rexroad, MMA, mwisho wa Pliocene)

Picha[hariri | hariri chanzo]